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more(1)

more(1)                          User Commands                         more(1)



NAME
       more, page - browse or page through a text file

SYNOPSIS
       /usr/bin/more [-cdflrsuw] [-lines] [+ linenumber]
            [+/ pattern] [file]...


       /usr/bin/page [-cdflrsuw] [-lines] [+ linenumber]
            [+/ pattern] [file]...


       /usr/xpg4/bin/more [-cdeisu] [-n number] [-p command]
            [-t tagstring] [file]...


       /usr/xpg4/bin/more [-cdeisu] [-n number] [+ command]
            [-t tagstring] [file]...

DESCRIPTION
       The  more utility is a filter that displays the contents of a text file
       on the terminal, one screenful at a time. It normally pauses after each
       screenful.  /usr/bin/more  then  prints --More-- and /usr/xpg4/bin/more
       then prints file at the bottom of the screen. If more is reading from a
       file  rather than a pipe, the percentage of characters displayed so far
       is also shown.


       The more utility scrolls up to display one more line in response  to  a
       RETURN  character.  more  displays  another  screenful in response to a
       SPACE character. Other commands are listed below.


       The page utility clears the screen before displaying the next screenful
       of text. page only provides a one-line overlap between screens.


       The  more  utility sets the terminal to NOECHO mode, so that the output
       can be continuous. Commands that you type do not normally  show  up  on
       your terminal, except for the / and ! commands.


       The  /usr/bin/more  utility  exits  after displaying the last specified
       file. /usr/xpg4/bin/more prompts for a command at the last line of  the
       last specified file.


       If  the  standard output is not a terminal, more acts just like cat(1),
       except that a header is printed before each file in a series.

OPTIONS
       The  following  options  are  supported  for  both  /usr/bin/more   and
       /usr/xpg4/bin/more:

       -c    Clears before displaying. Redraws the screen instead of scrolling
             for faster displays. This option is ignored if the terminal  does
             not have the ability to clear to the end of a line.


       -d    Displays  error messages rather than ringing the terminal bell if
             an unrecognized command is used. This is  helpful  for  inexperi‐
             enced users.


       -s    Squeeze.  Replaces multiple blank lines with a single blank line.
             This is helpful when viewing nroff(1) output on the screen.


   /usr/bin/more
       The following options are supported for /usr/bin/more only:

       -f             Does not fold long lines. This is useful when lines con‐
                      tain nonprinting characters or escape sequences, such as
                      those generated when nroff(1) output  is  piped  through
                      ul(1).


       -l             Does  not  treat FORMFEED characters (Control-l) as page
                      breaks. If -l is not used, more pauses  to  accept  com‐
                      mands after any line containing a ^L character (Control-
                      l). Also, if a file begins with a FORMFEED,  the  screen
                      is cleared before the file is printed.


       -r             Normally,  more  ignores control characters that it does
                      not interpret in some way. The -r option causes these to
                      be  displayed  as ^C where C stands for any such control
                      character.


       -u             Suppresses generation of underlining  escape  sequences.
                      Normally,  more  handles  underlining, such as that pro‐
                      duced by nroff(1), in a manner appropriate to the termi‐
                      nal.  If  the  terminal can perform underlining or has a
                      stand-out  mode,  more   supplies   appropriate   escape
                      sequences as called for in the text file.


       -w             Normally,  more  exits  when  it comes to the end of its
                      input. With -w, however, more prompts and waits for  any
                      key to be struck before exiting.


       -lines         Displays  the  indicated number of lines in each screen‐
                      ful, rather than the default (the number of lines in the
                      terminal screen less two).


       +linenumber    Start up at linenumber.


       +/pattern      Start up two lines above the line containing the regular
                      expression pattern. Note: Unlike editors, this construct
                      should not end with a `/.' If it does, then the trailing
                      slash is taken as a character in the search pattern.


   /usr/xpg4/bin/more
       The following options are supported for /usr/xpg4/bin/more only:

       -e              Exits immediately after writing the last  line  of  the
                       last file in the argument list.


       -i              Performs pattern matching in searches without regard to
                       case.


       -n number       Specifies the number of lines per screenful. The number
                       argument  is  a positive decimal integer. The -n option
                       overrides any values obtained from the environment.


       -p command      For each file examined,  initially  executes  the  more
       +command        command  in  the  command argument. If the command is a
                       positioning command, such as a line number or a regular
                       expression  search,  set the current position to repre‐
                       sent the final results of the command, without  writing
                       any  intermediate  lines  of the file. For example, the
                       two commands:


                         more -p 1000j file
                         more -p 1000G file

                       are equivalent and start the display with  the  current
                       position at line 1000, bypassing the lines that j would
                       write and scroll off the screen if it had  been  issued
                       during the file examination. If the positioning command
                       is unsuccessful, the first line in the file will be the
                       current position.



       -t tagstring    Writes  the  screenful  of  the file containing the tag
                       named by the tagstring argument. See the ctags(1) util‐
                       ity.


       -u              Treats  a  backspace  character  as a printable control
                       character, displayed as a ^H  (Control-h),  suppressing
                       backspacing  and  the  special  handling  that produces
                       underlined  or  standout-mode  text  on  some  terminal
                       types.  Also, does not ignore a carriage-return charac‐
                       ter at the end of a line.



       If both the -t tagstring and -p command (or the  obsolescent  +command)
       options are given, the -t tagstring is processed first.

USAGE
   Environment
       more  uses  the  terminal's  terminfo(5) entry to determine its display
       characteristics.


       more looks in the environment variable MORE for any preset options. For
       instance,  to  page through files using the -c mode by default, set the
       value of this variable to -c. (Normally, the command sequence to set up
       this environment variable is placed in the .login or .profile file).

   Commands
       The  commands  take  effect  immediately. It is not necessary to type a
       carriage return unless the command requires a file, command, tagstring,
       or  pattern. Up to the time when the command character itself is given,
       the user may type the line kill character to cancel the numerical argu‐
       ment  being  formed. In addition, the user may type the erase character
       to redisplay the `--More--(xx%)' or file message.


       In the following commands, i is a numerical argument (1 by default).

       iSPACE       Display another screenful, or i more lines if i is  speci‐
                    fied.


       iRETURN      Display another line, or i more lines, if specified.


       ib           (Control-b)  Skip  back  i  screenfuls  and  then  print a
       i^B          screenful.



       id           (Control-d) Scroll forward one half screenful  or  i  more
       i^D          lines.  If  i  is specified, the count becomes the default
                    for subsequent d and u commands.



       if           Skip i screens full and then print a screenful.


       h            Help. Give a description of all the more commands.


       ^L           (Control-l) Refresh.


       in           Search for the ith occurrence of the last pattern entered.


       q            Exit from more.
       Q


       is           Skip i lines and then print a screenful.


       v            Drop into the vi editor at the current line of the current
                    file.


       iz           Same  as SPACE, except that i, if present, becomes the new
                    default number of lines per screenful.


       =            Display the current line number.


       i/pattern    Search forward for  the  ith  occurrence  of  the  regular
                    expression  pattern.  Display  the  screenful starting two
                    lines before the line that contains the ith match for  the
                    regular  expression  pattern, or the end of a pipe, which‐
                    ever comes first. If more is displaying a file  and  there
                    is  no  match, its position in the file remains unchanged.
                    Regular expressions can be edited  using  erase  and  kill
                    characters. Erasing back past the first column cancels the
                    search command.


       !command     Invoke a shell to execute command. The characters % and !,
                    when  used  within  command  are replaced with the current
                    filename and the previous shell command, respectively.  If
                    there is no current filename, % is not expanded. Prepend a
                    backslash to these characters to escape expansion.


       :f           Display the current filename and line number.


       i:n          Skip to the ith next filename given in the  command  line,
                    or to the last filename in the list if i is out of range.


       i:p          Skip  to  the  ith  previous filename given in the command
                    line, or to the first filename if i is out  of  range.  If
                    given  while  more  is positioned within a file, go to the
                    beginning of the file. If more is  reading  from  a  pipe,
                    more simply rings the terminal bell.


       :q           Exit from more (same as q or Q).
       :Q


   /usr/bin/more
       The following commands are available only in /usr/bin/more:

       '        Single  quote.  Go  to  the  point  from which the last search
                started. If no search has been performed in the current  file,
                go to the beginning of the file.


       .        Dot. Repeat the previous command.


       ^\       Halt a partial display of text. more stops sending output, and
                displays the usual --More-- prompt. Some output is lost  as  a
                result.


   /usr/xpg4/bin/more
       The following commands are available only in /usr/xpg4/bin/more:

       i^F             (Control-f)  Skip i screens full and print a screenful.
                       (Same as if.)


       ^G              (Control-g) Display the current line  number  (same  as
                       =).


       ig              Go  to line number i with the default of the first line
                       in the file.


       iG              Go to line number i with the default of the  Last  line
                       in the file.


       ij              Display  another  line,  or i more lines, if specified.
                       (Same as iRETURN.)


       ik              Scroll backwards one or i lines, if specified.


       mletter         Mark the current position with the name letter.


       N               Reverse direction of search.


       r               Refresh the screen.


       R               Refresh the screen, discarding any buffered input.


       iu              (Control-u) Scroll backwards one half  a  screen  of  i
       i^U             lines,  if  specified.  If  i  is  specified, the count
                       becomes the new default for subsequent  d  and  u  com‐
                       mands.



       ZZ              Exit from more (same as q).


       :e file         Examine  (display) a new file. If no file is specified,
                       the current file is redisplayed.


       :t tagstring    Go to the tag  named  by  the  tagstring  argument  and
                       scroll/rewrite  the  screen with the tagged line in the
                       current position. See the ctags utility.


       'letter         Return to the position that was previously marked  with
                       the name letter.


       ''              Return to the position from which the last move of more
                       than a screenful was made. Defaults to the beginning of
                       the file.


       i?[!]pattern    Search backward in the file for the ith line containing
                       the pattern. The ! specifies to search backward for the
                       ith line that does not contain the pattern.


       i/!pattern      Search  forward  in the file for the ith line that does
                       not contain the pattern.


       ![command]      Invoke a shell or the specified command.


ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       See environ(7) for descriptions of the following environment  variables
       that   affect   the   execution   of  more:  LANG,  LC_ALL,  LC_COLLATE
       (/usr/xpg4/bin/more only), LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, NLSPATH, and TERM.

   /usr/xpg4/bin/more
       The following  environment  variables  also  affect  the  execution  of
       /usr/xpg4/bin/more:

       COLUMNS    Overrides the system selected horizontal screen size.


       EDITOR     Used by the v command to select an editor.


       LINES      Overrides  the  system selected vertical screen size. The -n
                  option has precedence over LINES in determining  the  number
                  of lines in a screen.


       MORE       A string specifying options as described in the OPTIONS sec‐
                  tion, above. As in a command line, The options must be sepa‐
                  rated by blank characters and each option specification must
                  start with a −. Any command line options are processed after
                  those  specified  in  MORE  as though the command line were:
                  more $MORE  options operands


EXIT STATUS
       The following exit values are returned:

       0     Successful completion.


       >0    An error occurred.


FILES
       /usr/lib/more.help    help file  for  /usr/bin/more  and  /usr/bin/page
                             only.


ATTRIBUTES
       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

   /usr/bin/more /usr/bin/page
       tab()  box; cw(2.75i) |cw(2.75i) lw(2.75i) |lw(2.75i) ATTRIBUTE TYPEAT‐
       TRIBUTE VALUE _ Availabilitysystem/core-os _ CSINot enabled


   /usr/xpg4/bin/more
       tab() box; cw(2.75i) |cw(2.75i) lw(2.75i) |lw(2.75i) ATTRIBUTE  TYPEAT‐
       TRIBUTE  VALUE _ Availabilitysystem/xopen/xcu4 _ CSIEnabled _ Interface
       StabilityCommitted _ StandardSee standards(7).


SEE ALSO
       cat(1), csh(1), ctags(1), man(1), nroff(1),  script(1),  sh(1),  ul(1),
       terminfo(5), attributes(7), environ(7), standards(7)

   /usr/bin/more /usr/bin/page
       regcomp(3C)

   /usr/xpg4/bin/more
       regex(7)

NOTES
   /usr/bin/more
       Skipping backwards is too slow on large files.

   /usr/xpg4/bin/more
       This  utility  will  not behave correctly if the terminal is not set up
       properly.



Oracle Solaris 11.4               4 Feb 2015                           more(1)
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