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col(1)                           User Commands                          col(1)

       col - reverse line-feeds filter

       col [-bfpx]

       The  col  utility reads from the standard input and writes to the stan‐
       dard output. It performs the line overlays  implied  by  reverse  line-
       feeds,  and  by forward and reverse half-line-feeds. Unless -x is used,
       all blank characters in the input will be converted to  tab  characters
       wherever  possible. col is particularly useful for filtering multi-col‐
       umn output made with the .rt command of nroff(1) and  output  resulting
       from use of the tbl(1) preprocessor.

       The  ASCII control characters SO and SI are assumed by col to start and
       end text in an alternative character set. The character  set  to  which
       each  input  character  belongs  is remembered, and on output SI and SO
       characters are generated as appropriate to ensure that  each  character
       is written in the correct character set.

       On  input,  the  only control characters accepted are space, backspace,
       tab, carriage-return and newline  characters,  SI,   SO,   VT,  reverse
       line-feed,  forward  half-line-feed  and reverse half-line-feed. The VT
       character is an alternative form of full  reverse  line-feed,  included
       for  compatibility  with  some  earlier programs of this type. The only
       other characters to be copied to the output are those that  are  print‐

       The  ASCII  codes  for  the control functions and line-motion sequences
       mentioned above are as given in the table below.  ESC  stands  for  the
       ASCII  escape character, with the octal code 033; ESC− means a sequence
       of two characters, ESC followed by the character x.

       tab(); lw(2.75i) lw(2.75i)

       reverse line-feedESC−7 reverse half-line-feedESC−8  forward  half-line-
       feedESC−9   vertical-tab   (VT)013  start-of-text  (SO)016  end-of-text

       -b    Assume that the output device in use is not capable of  backspac‐
             ing. In this case, if two or more characters are to appear in the
             same place, only the last one read will be output.

       -f    Although col accepts half-line motions in its input, it  normally
             does  not  emit  them  on output. Instead, text that would appear
             between lines is moved to the next lower full-line boundary. This
             treatment  can  be  suppressed  by  the -f (fine) option; in this
             case, the output from col  may  contain  forward  half-line-feeds
             (ESC-9), but will still never contain either kind of reverse line

       -p    Normally, col will ignore any escape sequences unknown to it that
             are found in its input; the -p option may be used to cause col to
             output these sequences as regular characters,  subject  to  over‐
             printing  from  reverse  line  motions. The use of this option is
             highly discouraged unless the user is fully aware of the  textual
             position of the escape sequences.

       -x    Prevent col from converting blank characters to tab characters on
             output wherever possible. Tab stops are considered to be at  each
             column position n such that n modulo 8 equals 1.

       See  environ(7) for descriptions of the following environment variables
       that affect the execution of col: LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

       The following error values are returned:

       0     Successful completion.

       >0    An error occurred.

       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       tab() box; cw(2.75i) |cw(2.75i) lw(2.75i) |lw(2.75i) ATTRIBUTE  TYPEAT‐
       TRIBUTE VALUE _ Availabilitysystem/core-os CSIenabled

       tbl(1), nroff(1), environ(7), ascii(7), attributes(7)

       The  input  format accepted by col matches the output produced by nroff
       with either the -T37 or -Tlp options. Use -T37 (and the  -f  option  of
       col)  if the ultimate disposition of the output of col will be a device
       that can interpret half-line motions, and -Tlp otherwise.

       col cannot back up more than 128 lines or handle more than 800  charac‐
       ters per line.

       Local  vertical  motions that would result in backing up over the first
       line of the document are ignored. As a result, the first line must  not
       have any superscripts.

Oracle Solaris 11.4               1 Feb 1995                            col(1)
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