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     sqlite3 - A command line interface for SQLite version 3

     sqlite3 [options] [databasefile] [SQL]

     sqlite3 is a terminal-based front-end to the SQLite  library
     that  can  evaluate  queries  interactively  and display the
     results in multiple  formats.   sqlite3  can  also  be  used
     within shell scripts and other applications to provide batch
     processing features.

     To start a sqlite3 interactive session, invoke  the  sqlite3
     command  and optionally provide the name of a database file.
     If the database file does not exist, it will be created.  If
     the database file does exist, it will be opened.

     For  example,  to  create  a   new   database   file   named
     "mydata.db",  create a table named "memos" and insert a cou-
     ple of records into that table:

     $ sqlite3 mydata.db
     SQLite version 3.8.8
     Enter ".help" for instructions
     sqlite> create table memos(text, priority INTEGER);
     sqlite> insert into memos values('deliver  project  descrip-
     sqlite> insert into memos values('lunch with Christine',
     sqlite> select * from memos;
     deliver project description|10
     lunch with Christine|100

     If no database name is supplied, the ATTACH sql command  can
     be  used to attach to existing or create new database files.
     ATTACH can also be used  to  attach  to  multiple  databases
     within  the  same  interactive  session.  This is useful for
     migrating data  between  databases,  possibly  changing  the
     schema along the way.

     Optionally, a SQL statement or set of SQL statements can  be
     supplied  as  a single argument.  Multiple statements should
     be separated by semi-colons.

     For example:
     $ sqlite3 -line mydata.db `select * from
         text = lunch with Christine
     priority = 100

     The interactive interpreter offers a  set  of  meta-commands
     that  can  be used to control the output format, examine the
     currently attached database files, or perform administrative
     operations  upon  the attached databases (such as rebuilding
     indices).   Meta-commands are always  prefixed  with  a  dot

     A list of available meta-commands can be viewed at any  time
     by issuing the `.help' command.  For example:

     sqlite> .help
     .backup ?DB? FILE      Backup DB (default "main") to FILE
     .bail on|off           Stop after hitting an error.  Default OFF
     .clone NEWDB           Clone data into NEWDB from the existing database
     .databases             List names and files of attached databases
     .dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format
                              If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching
                              LIKE pattern TABLE.
     .echo on|off           Turn command echo on or off
     .eqp on|off            Enable or disable automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
     .exit                  Exit this program
     .explain ?on|off?      Turn output mode suitable for EXPLAIN on or off.
                              With no args, it turns EXPLAIN on.
     .fullschema            Show schema and the content of sqlite_stat tables
     .headers on|off        Turn display of headers on or off
     .help                  Show this message
     .import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE
     .indices ?TABLE?       Show names of all indices
                              If TABLE specified, only show indices for tables
                              matching LIKE pattern TABLE.
     .load FILE ?ENTRY?     Load an extension library
     .log FILE|off          Turn logging on or off.  FILE can be stderr/stdout
     .mode MODE ?TABLE?     Set output mode where MODE is one of:
                              csv      Comma-separated values
                              column   Left-aligned columns.  (See .width)
                              html     HTML <table> code
                              insert   SQL insert statements for TABLE
                              line     One value per line
                              list     Values delimited by .separator string
                              tabs     Tab-separated values
                              tcl      TCL list elements
     .nullvalue STRING      Use STRING in place of NULL values
     .once FILENAME         Output for the next SQL command only to FILENAME
     .open ?FILENAME?       Close existing database and reopen FILENAME
     .output ?FILENAME?     Send output to FILENAME or stdout

     .print STRING...       Print literal STRING
     .prompt MAIN CONTINUE  Replace the standard prompts
     .quit                  Exit this program
     .read FILENAME         Execute SQL in FILENAME
     .restore ?DB? FILE     Restore content of DB (default "main") from FILE
     .save FILE             Write in-memory database into FILE
     .schema ?TABLE?        Show the CREATE statements
                              If TABLE specified, only show tables matching
                              LIKE pattern TABLE.
     .separator STRING ?NL? Change separator used by output mode and .import
                              NL is the end-of-line mark for CSV
     .shell CMD ARGS...     Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell
     .show                  Show the current values for various settings
     .stats on|off          Turn stats on or off
     .system CMD ARGS...    Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell
     .tables ?TABLE?        List names of tables
                              If TABLE specified, only list tables matching
                              LIKE pattern TABLE.
     .timeout MS            Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds
     .timer on|off          Turn SQL timer on or off
     .trace FILE|off        Output each SQL statement as it is run
     .vfsname ?AUX?         Print the name of the VFS stack
     .width NUM1 NUM2 ...   Set column widths for "column" mode
                              Negative values right-justify

     sqlite3 has the following options:

          Stop after hitting an error.

          Force batch I/O.

          Query results will be displayed in a table  like  form,
          using whitespace characters to separate the columns and
          align the output.

     -cmd command
          run command before reading stdin

     -csv Set output mode to CSV (comma separated values).

          Print commands before execution.

     -init file
          Read and execute commands from file , which can contain
          a mix of SQL statements and meta-commands.

          Turn headers on or off.

          Show help on options and exit.

          Query results will be output as simple HTML tables.

          Force interactive I/O.

          Query results will be  displayed  with  one  value  per
          line,  rows  separated by a blank line.  Designed to be
          easily parsed by scripts or other programs

          Query results will be displayed with the separator  (|,
          by  default)  character  between each field value.  The

     -mmap N
          Set default mmap size to N

     -nullvalue string
          Set string used to represent NULL values.   Default  is
          `' (empty string).

     -separator separator
          Set output field separator.  Default is `|'.

          Print memory stats before each finalize.

          Show SQLite version.

     -vfs name
          Use name as the default VFS.

Init File
     sqlite3 reads an initialization file to set  the  configura-
     tion of the interactive environment.  Throughout initializa-
     tion, any previously specified setting  can  be  overridden.
     The sequence of initialization is as follows:

     o The default configuration is established as follows:
     mode            = LIST
     separator       = "|"
     main prompt     = "sqlite> "
     continue prompt = "   ...> "

     o If the file ~/.sqliterc exists,  it  is  processed  first.
     can  be  found  in the user's home directory, it is read and
     processed.  It should generally only contain meta-commands.

     o If the -init option is present, the specified file is pro-

     o All other command line options are processed.

See Also
     The sqlite3-doc package.

     This manual page was originally written by Andreas  Rottmann
     <rotty@debian.org>, for the Debian GNU/Linux system (but may
     be used by others). It  was  subsequently  revised  by  Bill
     Bumgarner  <bbum@mac.com>  and  further  updated  by  Laszlo
     Boszormenyi <gcs@debian.hu> .
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