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inetd.conf(4)

Name
     inetd.conf - Internet servers database

Synopsis
     /etc/inet/inetd.conf


     /etc/inetd.conf

Description
     In the current release of the Solaris operating system,  the
     inetd.conf  file  is  no  longer  directly used to configure
     inetd. The Solaris services which were  formerly  configured
     using this file are now configured in the Service Management
     Facility (see smf(5)) using inetadm(1M). Any records remain-
     ing  in  this  file  after installation or upgrade, or later
     created by installing additional software, must be converted
     to  smf(5)  services  and  imported  into the SMF repository
     using inetconv(1M), otherwise the service will not be avail-
     able.


     For Solaris operating system releases prior to the  adoption
     of SMF (such as Solaris 9), the inetd.conf file contains the
     list of servers that inetd(1M) invokes when it  receives  an
     Internet  request  over  a socket. Each server entry is com-
     posed of a single line of the form:

       service-name endpoint-type protocol wait-status uid server-program \
       server-arguments




     Fields are separated by either SPACE or  TAB  characters.  A
     `#'  (number  sign)  indicates  the  beginning of a comment;
     characters up to the end of the line are not interpreted  by
     routines that search this file.

     service-name
         The name of a valid service listed in the services file.
         For  RPC  services,  the value of the service-name field
         consists of the RPC service name or program number, fol-
         lowed  by a `/' (slash) and either a version number or a
         range of version numbers, for example, rstatd/2-4.


     endpoint-type
         Can be one of:
         stream
                      for a stream socket


         dgram
                      for a datagram socket


         raw
                      for a raw socket


         seqpacket
                      for a sequenced packet socket


         tli
                      for all TLI endpoints



     protocol
         A   recognized   protocol    listed    in    the    file
         /etc/inet/protocols.  For  servers capable of supporting
         TCP and UDP over IPv6, the following protocol types  are
         also recognized:

             o    tcp6

             o    udp6
         tcp6 and udp6 are not official  protocols;  accordingly,
         they are not listed in the /etc/inet/protocols file.

         Here the inetd program uses an AF_INET6 type socket end-
         point.  These  servers  can  also  handle  incoming IPv4
         client requests in addition to IPv6 client requests.

         For RPC services, the field consists of the  string  rpc
         followed  by  a `/' (slash) and either a `*' (asterisk),
         one or more nettypes, one or more netids, or a  combina-
         tion  of  nettypes and netids. Whatever the value, it is
         first treated as a nettype. If it is not  a  valid  net-
         type,  then it is treated as a netid. For example, rpc/*
         for an RPC service using all the transports supported by
         the  system (the list can be found in the /etc/netconfig
         file), equivalent to saying rpc/visible  rpc/ticots  for
         an  RPC  service using the Connection-Oriented Transport
         Service.


     wait-status
         This field has values wait or nowait. This entry  speci-
         fies  whether  the  server that is invoked by inetd will
         take over the listening socket associated with the  ser-
         vice,  and  whether  once  launched, inetd will wait for
         that  server  to  exit,  if  ever,  before  it   resumes
         listening  for new service requests. The wait-status for
         datagram servers must be set to wait, as they are always
         invoked  with the orginal datagram socket that will par-
         ticipate in delivering the service bound to  the  speci-
         fied  service.  They  do not have separate listening and
         accepting sockets. Accordingly,  do  not  configure  UDP
         services  as  nowait.  This  causes  a race condition by
         which the inetd program selects on the  socket  and  the
         server  program  reads from the socket. Many server pro-
         grams will be forked, and performance will  be  severely
         compromised.  Connection-oriented  services  such as TCP
         stream services can be designed to  be  either  wait  or
         nowait status.


     uid
         The user ID under which  the  server  should  run.  This
         allows  servers to run with access privileges other than
         those for root.


     server-program
         Either the pathname of a server program to be invoked by
         inetd  to  perform  the  requested service, or the value
         internal if inetd itself provides the service.


     server-arguments
         If a server must be invoked with command line arguments,
         the  entire  command  line  (including  argument 0) must
         appear in this field (which consists  of  all  remaining
         words in the entry). If the server expects inetd to pass
         it the address  of  its  peer,  for  compatibility  with
         4.2BSD  executable  daemons,  then the first argument to
         the command should be specified as %A. No more  than  20
         arguments  are allowed in this field. The %A argument is
         implemented only for services whose wait-status value is
         nowait.

Files
     /etc/netconfig
                            network configuration file


     /etc/inet/protocols
                            Internet protocols


     /etc/inet/services
                            Internet network services

See Also
     rlogin(1), rsh(1), in.tftpd(1M), inetadm(1M),  inetconv(1M),
     inetd(1M), services(4), smf(5)

Notes
     /etc/inet/inetd.conf  is  the  official  SVR4  name  of  the
     inetd.conf  file.  The  symbolic link /etc/inetd.conf exists
     for BSD compatibility.


     This manual page describes inetd.conf as it was supported in
     Solaris  operating  system releases prior to the adoption of
     Service Management Facility (see smf(5)). The services  that
     were configured by means of inetd.conf are now configured in
     SMF using inetadm(1M).
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