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cron

Name
     cron - clock daemon

Synopsis
     /usr/sbin/cron

Description
     cron starts a process that executes  commands  at  specified
     dates and times.


     You can specify regularly scheduled commands to cron accord-
     ing  to instructions found in crontab files in the directory
     /var/spool/cron/crontabs. Users can submit their own crontab
     file  using the crontab(1) command. Commands which are to be
     executed only once can be submitted using the at(1) command.


     cron only examines crontab or at command  files  during  its
     own  process initialization phase and when the crontab or at
     command is run. This reduces the overhead  of  checking  for
     new or changed files at regularly scheduled intervals.


     As cron never exits, it should be executed only  once.  This
     is  done  routinely  by  way of the svc:/system/cron:default
     service. The file /etc/cron.d/FIFO file is used  as  a  lock
     file  to  prevent the execution of more than one instance of
     cron.


     cron captures the output of  the  job's  stdout  and  stderr
     streams,  and,  if  it is not empty, mails the output to the
     user. If the job does not produce output, no mail is sent to
     the user. An exception is if the job is an at(1) job and the
     -m option was specified when the job was submitted.


     cron and at jobs are not executed if your account is locked.
     Jobs  and  processses  execute.  The  shadow(4) file defines
     which accounts are not locked and will have their  jobs  and
     processes executed.

  Setting cron Jobs Across Timezones
     The  timezone  of  the  cron  daemon  sets  the  system-wide
     timezone  for  cron  entries.  This,  in  turn, is by set by
     default system-wide using  /etc/default/init.  The  timezone
     for cron entries can be overridden in a user's crontab file;
     see crontab(1).

     If some form of daylight savings or summer/winter time is in
     effect,  then  jobs  scheduled  during the switchover period
     could be executed once, twice, or not at all.

  Setting cron Defaults
     To keep a log of all actions taken by cron, you must specify
     CRONLOG=YES  in  the  /etc/default/cron file. If you specify
     CRONLOG=NO, no logging is done. Keeping the log  is  a  user
     configurable  option  since  cron  usually  creates huge log
     files.


     You can specify the PATH for user cron jobs by  using  PATH=
     in  /etc/default/cron.  You  can  set the PATH for root cron
     jobs using SUPATH= in /etc/default/cron. Carefully  consider
     the security implications of setting PATH and SUPATH.


     Example /etc/default/cron file:

       CRONLOG=YES
       PATH=/usr/bin




     This example enables logging and sets the default PATH  used
     by  non-root  jobs  to  /usr/bin.  Root jobs continue to use
     /usr/sbin:/usr/bin.


     The cron log file is periodically rotated by logadm(1M).

Files
     /etc/cron.d
                              Main cron directory


     /etc/cron.d/FIFO
                              Lock file


     /etc/default/cron
                              cron default settings file


     /var/cron/log
                              cron history information


     /var/spool/cron
                              Spool area


     /etc/cron.d/queuedefs
                              Queue  description  file  for   at,
                              batch, and cron

     /etc/logadm.conf
                              Configuration file for logadm

Attributes
     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-
     butes:



     tab() box; cw(2.75i) |cw(2.75i) lw(2.75i) |lw(2.75i)  ATTRI-
     BUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE _ Availabilitysystem/core-os

See Also
     svcs(1), at(1), crontab(1), sh(1),  logadm(1M),  svcadm(1M),
     queuedefs(4),  shadow(4),  attributes(5),  rbac(5),  smf(5),
     smf_security(5)

Notes
     The cron service is managed by the service management facil-
     ity, smf(5), under the service identifier:

       svc:/system/cron:default




     Administrative actions on this service,  such  as  enabling,
     disabling,  or  requesting  restart,  can be performed using
     svcadm(1M). The service's status can be  queried  using  the
     svcs(1)   command.   Most   administrative  actions  may  be
     delegated to users with the solaris.smf.manage.cron authori-
     zation (see rbac(5) and smf_security(5)).

Diagnostics
     A history  of  all  actions  taken  by  cron  is  stored  in
     /var/cron/log and possibly in /var/cron/olog.
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