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     catman - create the formatted files for the reference manual

     /usr/bin/catman [-c] [-n] [-p] [-t] [-w] [-M directory]
          [-T macro-package] [sections]

     /usr/bin/catman [-M directory] -w

     The catman utility creates the preformatted versions of  the
     on-line  manual  from  the  groff(1) or sgml(5) input files.
     This feature allows easy distribution  of  the  preformatted
     manual  pages among a group of associated machines, since it
     makes the directories of  preformatted  manual  pages  self-
     contained and independent of the unformatted entries.

     With the -w option, catman also creates index files, in  the
     directories  specified  by  the MANPATH or the -M option. If
     there is no MANPATH or -M option  specified,  unless  -n  is
     specified, catman creates index files at the /usr/share/man/
     and /usr/gnu/share/man/ directories  by  default.  When  any
     specified  or  default  directory is read-only, catman fails
     and displays an error message  to  stderr,  indicating  that
     writing is not allowed to the directory.

     Each manual page is examined and  those  whose  preformatted
     versions  are  missing  or out of date are recreated. If any
     changes are made, catman recreates the index files.

     If a manual page is a  shadow  page,  that  is,  it  sources
     another  manual  page  for  its contents, a symbolic link is
     made in the catx or fmtx directory to the  appropriate  pre-
     formatted manual page.

     Shadow files in an unformatted nroff source file are identi-
     fied by the first line being of the form .so manx/yyy.x.

     Shadow files in the  SGML  sources  are  identified  by  the
     string  SHADOW_PAGE.  The file entity declared in the shadow
     file identifies the file to be sourced.

     The following options are supported:
         Create unformatted nroff source files in the appropriate
         man  subdirectories  from  the SGML sources. This option
         will overwrite any existing file in the man directory of
         the same name as the SGML file.

         Do not create (or recreate) the index files. If  the  -n
         option is specified, the index files are not created and
         the apropos(1) and whatis(1)  commands  might  run  more
         slowly than otherwise.

         Dry-run option. That is,  display  what  would  be  done
         instead of doing it.

         Create troffed entries in the appropriate fmt  subdirec-
         tories instead of nroffing into the cat subdirectories.

         Create the index files  that  are  used  by  apropos(1),
         whatis(1)  and the man(1) -f, -k, and -K options, in the
         directories specified by the MANPATH  environment  vari-
         able  or  the  -M  option. If no MANPATH or -M option is
         specified,   index   files   are    created    in    the
         /usr/share/man/  and  /usr/gnu/share/man/ directories by
         default. No manual reformatting is done.

     -M directory
         Update manual pages located in the specified  directory,
         (/usr/share/man  by default). If the -M option is speci-
         fied, the directory argument  must  not  contain  a  `,'
         (comma),  since  a  comma  is  used to delineate section
         numbers. See man(1).

     -T macro-package
         Use macro-package in place of the standard  manual  page

     The following operand is supported:

         If there is one parameter not starting with a `-', it is
         taken to be a space separated list of manual sections to
         be processed by catman. If this  operand  is  specified,
         only  the manual sections in the list will be processed.
         For example,

           catman 1 2 3

         only updates manual sections 1, 2, and  3.  If  specific
         sections  are not listed, all sections in the man direc-
         tory specified by the environment variable  MANPATH  are

Environment Variables
         The name of the formatter to use when  the  -t  flag  is

         A colon-separated list of directories that are processed
         by  catman and man(1). Each directory can be followed by
         a comma-separated list of sections. If  set,  its  value
         overrides /usr/share/man as the default directory search
         path, and the file as the default section  search
         path.  The  -M  and  -s  flags,  in turn, override these

     Example 1 Creating an Index File

     The  following  command  creates  an  index  file   in   the
     /usr/local/share/man directory.

       # catman -M /usr/local/share/man -w

         default manual directory location

         raw nroff input files

         raw SGML input files

         preformatted nroffed manual pages

         default macro package for groff

         preformatted troffed manual pages

         index file for -K query

     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-

     tab() box; cw(2.75i) |cw(2.75i) lw(2.75i) |lw(2.75i)  ATTRI-
     BUTE   TYPEATTRIBUTE  VALUE  _  Availabilitytext/doctools  _
     CSIEnabled _ Interface StabilityCommitted

See Also
     apropos(1), man(1), groff(1), rm(1),  gtroff(1),  whatis(1),
     attributes(5), sgml(5)

     man?/xxx.? (.so'ed from man?/yyy.?): No such file or direc-
         The file outside the  parentheses  is  missing,  and  is
         referred to by the file inside them.

     target of .so in man?/xxx.? must be relative to /path/to/man
     or .so in xxx.? indicating shadow file and its reference is
     in the same section subdirectory (man*)
         catman only allows  references  to  filenames  that  are
         relative  to  the directory /path/to/man with a pattern,
         .so man?/xxx.?, or in the same subdirectory with a brief
         pattern, .so in xxx.?.

     opendir:man?: No such file or directory
         A harmless warning message indicating that  one  of  the
         directories catman normally looks for is missing.

     *.*: No such file or directory
         A harmless warning message indicating catman came across
         an empty directory.

     If a user, who has previously run catman to install the cat*
     directories,  upgrades the operating system, the entire cat*
     directory structure should be removed prior to running  cat-
     man. See rm(1).

     Do not re-run catman to rebuild the index files  unless  the
     complete  set  of man* directories is present. catman builds
     the index files based on the man* directories.

     The windex database has been replaced by index files. Unlike
     the  case  with  windex, index file generation does not pose
     any specific restrictions or prerequisites on  what  can  be

     Manual pages in SGML format will not be supported in  future
     releases of Oracle Solaris.
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